The government extended the exemption of vaccinated persons from quarantine and isolation after border crossing
According to the amendment, a person who has been in close contact with a COVID-19 infected person does not have to stay in quarantine for ten days if he or she has been fully vaccinated against COVID-19 in the last 12 months. The exemption will apply after maximum protection from vaccination has been achieved, i.e. for vaccines currently in use and depending on the manufacturer, 7–15 days after the end of the vaccination course. A person who has suffered from COVID-19 in the last year and later received one dose of vaccine has also been released from quarantine, as well as a person who has had COVID-19 after the first dose of the vaccine.
However, in the event of close contact, a person released from quarantine must wear a protective mask or cover their nose and mouth indoors where they come into contact with people with whom they do not live in the same place every day. The requirement to wear a mask does not apply to children under the age of 12, or if it is not possible to wear a mask due to health reasons, the nature of work or activity, or other important reasons. In addition, the person must closely monitor his or her health for ten days and follow the measures established by the government and the Health Board to prevent the spread of the disease.
The second amendment also provides for a similar exemption for a person arriving in Estonia across the border who has been fully vaccinated against COVID-19.
According to the general procedure, a person arriving in Estonia from a country with a high risk of infection must stay in his or her place of residence or permanent place of stay for ten days. The isolation time can be shortened by two tests, the first of which can be done before or after arriving in Estonia and the second no earlier than on the sixth day after the first test.
The ten-day residence or permanent place of stay or testing requirements do not apply to a person who has been fully vaccinated in the last 12 months and achieved maximum protection against the virus. A person who has suffered from COVID-19 in the last year and later received one dose of vaccine has also been exempted from the isolation, as well as a person who has had COVID-19 after the first dose of the vaccine.
A person who has suffered from COVID-19 and has been declared healthy and who has not received an additional dose of vaccine will continue to be exempted from quarantine for six months as well as from self-isolation after border crossing.
The government also extended the quarantine requirements for those diagnosed with COVID-19 and their close contacts. The requirements are valid until December 31.
According to the instruction, a COVID-19 infected person is prohibited from leaving the place of residence or permanent place of stay from the time of diagnosis until recovery, except on the instructions of a health care professional, police officer or rescue officer, referral of a health care professional for the provision of health care services, or in the event of an emergency endangering human life or health. A permanent place of stay is also considered to be a hotel or other accommodation establishment, such as a guest apartment, if it is used during a stay in Estonia by a person who has no other place of residence or place of stay here. Safe houses and shelters are also considered places of stay.
The requirement to remain in quarantine also applies to a person living with the infected person, permanently staying in the same place of residence, or otherwise in close contact, who must remain at home for ten days after becoming aware of the diagnosis of COVID-19 infected person. As an exception, a person of close contact without symptoms may leave his place of residence or stay, if he or she does so on the instructions of a health care professional, police officer or rescue officer, referral of a health care professional for the provision of health care services, as well as in the event of an emergency endangering life or health.
A person of close contact may also, as an exception, leave home if he or she acquires essentials for daily living close to home or if contact with the infected person is excluded at his or her place of residence or stay. In addition, asymptomatic close contact may be outdoors if he or she completely avoids contact with other people. Exceptions to the conditions for passing close contact quarantine are also provided for a health care professional or a person performing a public task who performs urgent work tasks at the decision of the employer.
If a person of close contact leaves home in these exceptional cases, he or she must closely monitor his or her health and take all possible measures to prevent the spread of the disease.
The changes will take effect on 1 June. The instructions are published in Riigi Teataja and on the website kriis.ee.